Xylokastro is a seaside town of the peripheral unit of Corinthia. It is the seat of the Municipality of Xylokastro - Evrostini. Every summer it receives thousands of visitors and is one of the most important tourist destinations of the Peloponnese. The pine forest of Pefkia and the beaches of the area are of interest. It is 120 km from Athens and 100 km from Patras. Xylokastro was named after a wooden barracks in the area where the observatory was operating during the Venetian occupation. The barracks were located on the west side of the hill "Down to the Peak", above the current city, near the river Sytha. From there the guard could control the traffic in the Corinthian trunk and supervise the port of the Aristotle. He also had a visual contact with the castles of Zeomenos and Pellinos and could inform their administration with smoke signals. The barracks were named after the local wooden castle, and from that the area, which includes the settlements of Hipsala Alonia, Mertiika, Georganateika and Riza, was named Xylokastro. In the 18th century, it was called Oscabampos. In the area there was a large pine forest and in the 18th century Xylokastro had few houses and some warehouses. The forest was then deforested to cultivate the land, and only the Pefkia is left from the original forest because it is on sandy soil. In Xylokastro, raisin was cultivated, with production reaching 1,300,000 Venetian liters, which earned Xilokastro 500,000 drachmas. The raisin was transported to Patras by boats, from where it was mainly exported to England.
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