Tripoli (formerly known as Tripolitsa and Trolobitza) is a town in the central Peloponnese, the largest city and capital of the Prefecture of Arcadia and the former province of Mantineia. It is located at an altitude of 660 meters. It is also the seat of the Peloponnese Region. Its original name was Dropolitsa or Dropolda or Dvoroglitsa. This name either comes from the Greek "Hydropolis" or possibly from a southern Slavic idiom and is translated as "the city with the oak." In a patriarchal document of 1581 it is referred to as Hydroblots , "Patriarchal and Stavropigi Chora" In the last years of the 17th century, Tripolitsa is a large city with a population of over 20,000 inhabitants, only this time the Turks and Albanian Muslims were a majority. During this period Tripoli became Pasaliki. In 1770, after the Orlopean Revolution, the Ottomans punished the city's Christian residents, exterminating three thousand people and burning their homes on Monday, March 29th. Then, Anthimos (Varvoglis) was overthrown and five other clergy were killed. Immediately after the suppression of the 1770 revolution, a hordes of Albanians who had originally been called by the Ottomans for help came down to the Peloponnese. They remained in Tripoli, and more generally in Morea until 1779, pillaging and slaughtering the population, almost deserting the Peloponnese. In order to bring the class back, the Sultan ordered an Ottoman army to campaign in the Peloponnese under Hassan Tzezirli in 1779. In Tripoli, Hassan subjugated the Albanians and, as a trophy, set up a pyramid of 4,000 heads in the east of the city. In the operation against the Albanian bandits also participated the Peloponnesians and especially the family of Kolokotronai. Later the Ottomans wandered around the city, setting up a low wall with 7 gates and 13 towers. In 1807 Velis Pasas, son of the legendary Ali Pasas of Ioannina, came to Tripolitsa. He also brought with him 12,000 troops and made Tripolitsa the strongest military base of the Turks in southern Greece.
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