Vravrona is an important archaeological site of Attica known for the temple of Artemis, which has given its name to the modern municipality of eastern Attica, but also to the seaside neighboring settlement of Loutsa (today's name Artemida). It was built on a creek on the shores of the South Evian Gulf, near the current settlement of Loutsa. First inhabited since the Neolithic era. At the time of Theseus (copper age) Vravrona was one of the 20 municipalities that united and formed the later Athenian state. Gradually Vravrona became a place of worship of Artemis and a temple dedicated to it was built. According to the legend in the Trojan campaign, the goddess Artemis demanded the sacrifice of Ifigenia to let the Mycenaean fleet sail to Troy. At the time of the sacrifice, Artemis saved Iphigenia and carried her to the country of the Taurus on the Black Sea coast. Iphigenia returned from there to Greece with the help of her brother Orestis. According to a variation of the myth conveyed by Euripides, Iphigenia returned to the area of Vravrona and became a priestess of Artemis. The worship of Artemis in the area of Vravrona seems to have started in the 8th century BC, while the temple was built in the 6th century BC. In the following years, there was a significant expansion of the worship space. Gradually, after the wars of the Athenians with the Macedonians, the area began to decline and seems to have been abandoned in the 2nd century BC, probably after floods. In fact, the traveler Pausanias, three centuries later, reports almost nothing about the area of Vravronas, but only the myth that Euripides mentions about the return of Iphigenia.
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