Xanthi is a city of Thrace in northern Greece. It is the capital of the homonymous regional unity and the seat of the municipality of the same name. It is built on the outskirts of Ahladovouno and belongs administratively to the Region of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace. There are two aspects to the name of the city: The first that Xanthi was named one of the daughters of Ocean and Tetheus, and the second that it came from an amazon named Xanthi and then reigned in the area. The city of Xantheia, probably identified with today's Xanthi, is mentioned in the 1st century BC. centuries ago by Strabo: "After the middle lake (Vistonida) Xanthia, Maroneia and Issaros. Because the city is not mentioned by any other later ancient source, it is speculated that it may not have survived the Roman years and was abandoned by its inhabitants. However, it appears to have been re-occupied in the 3rd century AD. century when frequent barbarian raids forced the populations to move for greater safety to the mountainous parts.According to mythology, here was the base of Aris and Boreas. Vistonida Lake is also associated with the work of Hercules with Diomedes horses. Findings of Neolithic settlements were found in Lafrouda, Diomideia, Melissa, Therme and elsewhere. In ancient times, it was a village that was passing through the Kosinitis-Kassnthos River, just at the entrance of the gorge into the interior of the mountainous area. This village in the archaic was called Para (the) and meant the passage, passage meaning the same meaning as the South Hellenic resource: crossing. Over time the name of this village was united with the article, and so it was renamed Toparas or Topeiros with the same meaning. With the crossing of the Egnatia road through this village (100 BC), Topara was developed into a rich city and flourishing "free" with its own coins (2nd century AD).
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